The pepper is the most popular plant of the genus Capsicum. Its use has now spread throughout the world thanks to the perceived nutritional value of the fruit. Thanks to its high productivity and the vast number of varieties it offers, today pepper is one of the most common and popular crops in gardening gardens and horticulture. If you want to enjoy your peppers at home, join us in this article where we will see how to plant peppers and when to do it.
How to plant peppers?
When planting peppers, the most accepted method and the best results are to plant the seeds of peppers in protected nurseries, for about 2 months after transplanting to your pot or final garden area, where you can develop safely. Continue reading: 8 Fruit Trees That You Can Grow In Your Home
For this process, it is recommended to plant the seeds between February and March. It is about plants that avoid the most intense cold season but have enough time to develop enough to be transplanted and produce in summer.
The transplant should be done approximately two months after sowing, between April and May. The idea here is to observe that the minimum temperatures remain above 15ºC and that the plant already has about 6 leaves.
Sow the seeds
As we have already said, the best option to ensure the survival and development of your future peppers is that you sow in a nursery in a protected environment. This is done because this plant does not tolerate the cold well and is somewhat slow germination. To prepare your seedbed and sow the seeds of peppers, follow these steps:
- Prepare a tray or container with a certain depth, at least 15 or 20 cm deep.
- Fill the container with the substrate. It is recommended here to use compost or manure and cover the bowl with a plastic or transparent glass. So, the fermentation creates a warm bed effect and keeps the temperature of the tank above 20 degrees. If you want your pepper seeds to germinate, it is essential that the temperature does not drop below this point.
- Place the seedbed in a sunny area, since this vegetable requires daily sun. You should start to see the seedlings between 8 and 20 days after sowing.
- Two months after planting, your peppers should be plants about 15 cm high. At this point, they are ready to be transplanted to their final location.
Now that you have seen how to plant peppers. It is time to transplant them so that they can begin to give their tasty fruits. The chili can be located both outdoors and in a pot of sufficient depth, but you must take into account that it is a plant with warm climates that is very sensitive to cold. For this reason, many plant it annually despite being a perennial vegetable, as in some environments it can be challenging to get it to survive the winter. To transplant the pepper plants, follow these instructions:
Choose an appropriate location. The pepper will need soil with excellent drainage, both outdoors and in a pot since excess moisture is very harmful to the plant. Although they are plants that appreciate light and heat, if you live in a hot climate, you should choose a location where they receive a few hours of shade a day, especially in those with more intense heat.
If you are going to sow outdoors, dig holes leaving a space between 40 and 50 cm apart, to give the plants enough space to not compete with each other. Whether plants in a pot or outdoors, the plant will appreciate a soil or substrate with a high contribution of organic matter.
For pots, you can use a substrate with earthworm humus and coconut fiber, while outside you can use manure and compost. Once the flowering begins, renew the fertilizer every 15 days to obtain a higher amount of fruit.
As far as irrigation is concerned, it is essential not to exceed the water supply. It is recommended to water them every three or four days after having transplanted them, which is when they need more moisture, but then reduce the doses to a single weekly watering.
As a final detail, if you want to increase the production of your peppers further, pay attention to the shoots that grow in the area between the petiole and the stem. If you remove them from your plants, the fruits will receive a higher amount of nutrients and will grow larger and more palatable.